Taliban are no longer using the hit and run tactics
Source: Afghan Zalmai Analyzing Network (AZAN)
Date: Tuesday, October 23, 2012
By: Afghan Zalmai (Seyal- a political analyst)
Following the NATO Lisbon summit in 2010, both International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and the Afghan government agreed on a plan to transfer the security responsibilities from ISAF to Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) so that the Afghans become in charge of their own security by the end of 2014. The process which is known to us “the transition” has begun in order to transfer the security responsibilities from ISAF to their Afghan counter parts.
Even though, ISAF, NATO and the Afghan government are committed to make the transition a success but do we really think that NATO’s plan is working in Afghanistan? Do we really think the situation became stable in areas where security responsibilities have transferred from ISAF to ANSF? Are we confident that the Afghan National Security Forces would be able to provide a secure environment for voters to come out and cast their votes in the forthcoming election? On the other side how about the increase in intensity and tactics of insurgence attacks? Increase in the numbers of Taliban activities who are threatening and intimidating the normal life. Is civil war likely to happen after ISAF fully withdrawn? How about the economy and state building? Service delivery and more are the main concerns that mostly come in any ordinary Afghans mind and these are realistic and valid concerns.
Contrary to what Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the NATO Secretary General has described in an article published on 22 October 12 in Telegraph UK. I have just returned from Afghanistan, having seen real progress which too rarely receives the attention it merits “NATO secretary General Rasmussen said this”.
I admit that ANSF led greater percentage of operation independently with little or no support from their international counterparts since the beginning of 2012; it is also true the number of civilian casualties reduced a lot. Provinces and areas which are fully or partially transitioned, is seeing a relative improvement in the security situation where less security related incidents being reported. However, things might change in long run unless adequate training, equipment and incentives are provided to Afghan National Security Forces. We should not cheer-up! Because new trends were observed in areas which are transitioned in the east and southeast of the country where insurgents have carried out large scale attacks against the ANSF. It was observed that the insurgents have increased the scale and intensity of their attacks since NATO’s decision to reduce the level of their joint operations with ANSF. As a result, large numbers of fighters are being used in the attacks that last for many hours au lieu of the small gorilla type that last for only few minutes. This largely attributed to the fact that the insurgents are no longer using the hit and run tactics which was mainly due fears of airstrikes by international military forces. This, in turn, is raising concerns over the capability of ANSF especially following the transitioning of the relatively remote insecure areas in the country.
It was expected that following the transfer of responsibilities to ANSF, the security situation will improve enduringly but opposite to what was anticipated the overall security situation has start to deteriorate badly. In two provinces located in the east of the country “Laghman and Nouristan” where Taliban have established mobile checkpoints, they have set-backed those who were part of the public uprising against them, government accessibility has been limited, free movements of numbers of illegal armed groups got increased and the security belt is now only limited to the provincial capitals. Local communities by now realized the importance of ISAF presence and regret their contribution in maintaining joint security and bringing developments.
Analysts and representatives of civil society groups in the east of the country suggest that the decision to hand over security responsibilities to ANSF by ISAF was still an early decision because quantity of ANSF is not adequate, they are not well equipped, additional trainings to ANSF were suspended due to insider attacks and serious political issues are laying ahead of which the forthcoming presidential election would be the most difficult and the ANSF won’t be fully capable to provide polling centers security; this in turn will be evident with a very low turn-out of voters which will surely undermine the legitimacy of the forthcoming election both in terms of credibility and transparency as well as in terms of the voters quorum and expected frauds.
In order to maintain the relative achievements which both the international community and the government of Afghanistan have gained since the collapse of the Taliban regime the following points has to be taken seriously so that longer stability is ensured and people can live without fear and anxiety. These includes but are not limited to continues support to train, equip and grow the number of Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), adopt a mechanism to do proper vetting and screening for those who are going to be recruited as the Afghan National Police (ANP), Afghan National Army (ANA) or Afghan National Border Police (ANBP) or the Afghan Local Police (ALP) because insider attacks are serious concern and needs to be address as quickly as possible. In addition to this, institution building, capacity of the staff, fighting corruption, accountability, holding and ensuring transparent and credible elections are all essential for good governance which needs to be handle collectively and with care.
Wednesday, 30 June 2010
It’s a clear fact that the distance between government of Afghanistan and its people are increasing day by day. Despite of the presence of large number of international security forces the security deteriorates. People loss hopes for the future, the investors are not willing to invest because the future lays no where. If we start to analyze the root causes of insecurity we will find a dozens of internal and external factors which are equally contributing to insecurity but the on going corruption in the Afghanistan Governmental system is playing a prominent and bolder role than any thing else. The people of Afghanistan needs a transparent and equal opportunities to get advantage from the large bulk of international aid which is coming but no one feel accountable for its expenditure.
On Wednesday 30 June 2010, Eric Holder, the US attorney general, arrived in Afghanistan with a team of lawyers from the US justice department to discuss the fight against corruption with Afghan officials. “Fighting corruption and supporting the rule of law in Afghanistan are top priorities for this administration, and we will continue to assist the Afghan government in creating and sustaining the effective criminal justice system to which the Afghan people are entitled,” Holder said in a statement.
This gives us a hope that at least the international communities and most importantly the principal partners of the international coalition against terror are well aware about the on going crisis in Afghanistan. Me on my part would like to suggest to Eric Holder the US Attorney General who has just arrived to Afghanistan the following in order to set-up a strategy to fight and take effective steps in combating the on going corruption in Afghanistan.
We would like to suggest that Eric Holder and his team to work with his Afghan counter parts and involve active members of the civil society groups from all parts of Afghanistan so that a strong and independent accountability bureau get establishes, which will deal with corruption. Those nations who assist the government of Afghanistan in one way or other should become harmonize and recommend to the Government of Afghanistan to create observers’ offices in the ministries and line directorates not to report the corruption but to observe the performance of the entities. By doing so the service delivery system will get improve and people will not have to wait for days and months for getting their legal jobs done, which normally takes minutes. The visiting delegation under the leadership of Erich Holder and his Afghan counter parts should restrict the power of provincial governors and recommend to the Afghan Cabinet and the parliament to decentralize the bidding and contracting issues with a high level of transparencies. An independent commission is assigned to create standards and procedures for each process, replace old bureaucratic procedures with new ones. The legitimate body should recommend the creation of hot lines or a special court to deal with breaches and easy accessibility to the court should be ensured.
I am sure by doing so a sense of feeling of patriotism and national interest among the employees will be promoted itself.
In addition to the above a senior appointment board should be established composed of members from the Donor agencies, including the UN community so that any new appointment by the president office or on ministerial level goes through this board and a proper wetting process is ensured. Professional, self reliance’s, patriotic and honest staff are needed to work in the system, not corrupt people. Last but not the least the following five points should be given top priorities in order to fight corruption.
An independent commission to investigate frauds and corruptions should be established and members of the commission should be volunteered from civil society groups but political immunity and security should be provided by a private registered international security company so that they are not defendant to the Afghan Police force.
The strengthening of a strong and effective judicial system should be in place which is equipped and empowered with further immunity to prosecute the corrupt official regardless of his/her relation with X-Y and Z in the governmental system or international community level.
Different geographical and linguistic groups must have equal representation in the government and share in development. The entire citizens should feel that they are respected citizens of the state and their opinions are valuable.
Rule of law should be forced and social justice which is the dire need in order to provide equal opportunities and facilities to the people to bridge the gapes between people and the government. False promises and hollow slogans should be prevented.
A mechanism needs to be worked out to monitor the expenditure of resources. it must falls in safe hands. In addition to the above adopting of such policies that can strengthen national economy and reduce poverty because poverty is the root cause of all evils such as corruption, insurgency, political instability and violence of human rights.
I am pleased to inform you about my first and new Blog ( Afghan Zalmai Analyzing Network) which is known as AZAN you can search it for AZANSEYAL. I will try to update you with current political affairs of Afghanistan as well in the region.
Blog internal rules and codes would be drafted which would be made public that needs to be followed.
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