Examples of challenges concerning diversity

Examples of challenges concerning diversity

Afghanistan a country in located in the heart of Asia and a main hub for future business opportunities between the central Asia and word supper power. Due to its geostrategic location, the country remains in war. The country is experiencing bad war since past four decades. Despite of the presence of international coalition, representing more than forty different nations under NATO and ISAF mission in Afghanistan to serve Afghanistan and its population approximately over 30 million which is composed of different ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Tajik, Uzbek, Hazara, Nuristani, Eaimaq, Gojar, Hindow/Seikh with majority of Sunni Muslim with a very small pocket of Shia Muslim and some families of Hindow/Seikh who had long been in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan is rich with mines which includes different types of precious stones but still does not have a strong economy. The country economy depends on international aid and foreign investments; the later which yet to be ensured if the security situation improves. Literacy rate is fairly low. The country has unique culture, with a great respect to core values of diversity and national unity as well as religious tolerance. However, due to long standing war, destruction and the interference of countries in the region; traditional power structure where all different ethnic groups had fair and equal rights to decide is badly affected and almost destroyed. Despite the fact the constitution guarantee equal rights and justice to all citizens equally but still there are problems and tensions among different ethnic groups and some time among Shia and Sunni Muslims.

Presence and activities of insurgents affiliated to different groups; mainly the Taliban and Islamic State of Khurasan or ISIS in the country is posing serious threats to disturb the diversity that are enjoying support from other countries. Please see the following fresh report on an incident which shook Kabul city, the country capital just two days ago.

Islamic State (IS) militants are trying to foment a war between Afghanistan’s majority Sunnis and minority Shi’ite Muslims, who have largely avoided a sectarian conflict. The group, facing relentless attacks against its strongholds in Syria and Iraq, appears to be targeting Afghanistan’s Shi’ite community, whose lot has substantially improved since the demise of the hard-line Taliban regime in late 2001. IS claimed responsibility for the November 21 attack by a suicide bomber inside a Shi’ite mosque in the Afghan capital, Kabul. Afghan officials say at least 30 people were killed and scores more were injured in the attack.

This is the third major IS attack against Shi’a in the capital this year. Nearly 100 people were killed in attacks on Shi’ite protesters and worshipers in Kabul in July and October.

Sectarian violence between the majority Sunni, who make up nearly 85 percent of Afghanistan’s 30 million populations, and the minority Shi’a has never featured as a key driver of the country’s various cycles of war since the late 1970s.

Since the overthrow of the Taliban regime, the once-marginalized Hazaras, who constitute a bulk of Afghanistan’s Shi’ite community, have enjoyed senior leadership positions in both the civilian and military parts of the Afghan government. Meanwhile, the lot of impoverished Hazara communities has also improved.

 Prior to 1970 population in Afghanistan and all the citizen had a very good examples of being living all together despite of different cultures and some practicing different religious values including the Hindow/Seikh and Afghan Muslims. But now equality and justice to all and respect to diversity and respect to human rights principle remain a slogan. Despite the fact the government is committed to protect its constitution and equally implement the law but insurgency and ethnic tensions play dominant role. So that is why we say, Afghanistan is unique, its not the same as India, Seri-Lanka or Bangladesh or Nepal but totally different. There is a public well and desire for multicultural diversity but at the meantime there are threats and intimidations which pose serious threats to not let it to be the case. So we can simply suggest that stability and peace can ensure economic growths and can guarantee respect to diversity and live-together. Public participation is there but ground is not prepared to formulate and adopt policies to overcome these challenges because of the presence of massive insurgencies. Peace is the response to heal all the wounds. We want peace and equality





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